President Roosevelt, who has drafted U.S. man power and industry into the undeclared U.S. war against Germany, last week drafted U.S. shipping. In a letter to Maritime Commission Chairman Emory Land he ordered him to: 1) "secure the service of at least 2,000,000 tons" of merchant shipping; 2) put the shipping in routes "useful to our defense efforts and the winning by the democracies of the battle now being waged in the Atlantic."

Where Rear Admiral Land was to get the 2,000,000 tons was the Maritime Commission's problem. Sources it could draw from: 6,500,000 tons of coastwise and foreign-trade vessels...

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