SAN MARINO: Long Beard v. Big Whiskers

San Marino is the world's oldest (1,648 years), smallest (38 sq. mi.) and least populous (12,000) republic. For the past four years it has also been the only Communist-dominated state west of the Iron Curtain. Surrounded by Italy, San Marino's fortress, La Rocca, overlooking the Adriatic, towers above the grey stone face of Mount Titano (145 miles north of Rome). By modern standards, La Rocca's massive, crumbling grey walls are not much of a bastion, but last week San Marino's Communists held the fort.

As election day approached, bright posters of the Communist-Socialist coalition and the new anti-Communist bloc, the...

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