Agitated and filled with foreboding, Archbishop Joseph Mindszenty hurried into the Vatican just three years ago. He was a week late; the Red army had held up his visa.
Next day Pope Pius XII placed the flat red cardinal's hat on the head of peasant-born Joseph Mindszenty and 31 other prelates. As he did so, the Pope pronounced an ancient formula:
"Receive . . . this red hat, the sign of the unequaled dignity of the cardinalate, by which it is declared that thou shouldst show thyself intrepid even to death by the shedding of...