Ebbing Tide

The leveling-off process, noted across the land, showed signs last week of also slowing down new wage raises. In the year's first major test of fourth-round demands, the C.I.O. Textile Workers Union lost its fight for a 10¢ increase in the New England cotton and rayon industry.

The union had demanded the increase for 30,000 workers in the New Bedford-Fall River area, which traditionally sets the northern wage pattern in cotton. (But not for such basic industries as autos and steel.) Arbitrator Douglas V. Brown, of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said no. In professorial tones, he warned that the industry faced...

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