Almost ignored in the turmoil over the Soviet-U.S. exchange of notes was a document that might prove the most important of the week. It was a "working paper" submitted to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by Michigan's Arthur Vandenberg. It was the bipartisan blueprint for U.S. security.

Cast in the form of a Senate resolution, it reaffirmed the U.S.'s determination to base its policy on U.N. as now constituted, but to work for gradual revision of the veto power. It laid down the legal basis for U.S. plans to organize collective security within...

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