CHINA: End of a Symbol

The retreating Chinese Communists, leaving behind their legendary capital, Yenan, filtered northward to other centers of Red strength. Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist troops, commanded by stocky, dependable General Hu Tsung-nan, marched in, took down the huge poster of Communist Chieftain Mao Tse-tung flapping by the south gate, raised the twelve-rayed sun flag of the Government. After ten years, Yenan ("Permanent Peace") had fallen.

Karl von Clausewitz had said, "Public opinion is won through great victories and the occupation of the enemy's capital." The fall of Yenan was no great victory, but it would...

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