Art: Underground Ivory Tower

There were two levels of the wartime underground in Europe: anonymous patriots who could sometimes fight back a little, and—farther down—wanted men who had to burrow and keep hidden. Gisele van der Gracht's Amsterdam apartment was a station in the subcellar underground. Gisele, a thin blonde in her 30s, was a first-rank Dutch artist, known for her stained-glass window designs. During the occupation she spent half her days on bread lines to feed the men she was hiding. To help them pass the terrible time, she also found pens, ink and paper.

Once they set foot in her apartment, Gisele's "boys" were...

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