Medicine: Malnutrition

Malnutrition, pale half-brother of the Third Horseman of the Apocalypse, rode the tide of spring into war-ravaged Europe. From the shattered ghost town of Eboli in southern Italy, a TIME correspondent cabled this description of its horrifying work:

"When you drag the children out of their hovels into the light of day, they all show the same familiar signs: narrow shoulders, protruding Adam's apple, spidery legs, earth-colored, leathery skin, huge eyes in huge heads. Worst of all, they have the dull, fixed stare of children who have never laughed."

The hallmarks of undernourishment were glaringly apparent not only in dirt-poor Italy (whose 1,300...

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