In Manila last week a Filipino could clip a perfecto on whose gaudy band was a picture of President Sergio Osmeña, and light it from a match pack carrying the picture of fiery Manuel Roxas y Acuña. Over Manila streets and provincial roads, campaign banners fluttered from bamboo arches. Poster-covered jeeps careened through the towns. The first contested presidential election in Philippine history was at hand (April 23).

The campaign was rough; the issues were confused. President Sergio Osmeña was the candidate of the "conservative wing" of the Nacionalista Party. But Osmeña's strongest blocs of support...

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