THE CONGRESS: The Gods of the Mountain

Outside a Senate committee room, newsmen clowned around with a stuffed moose head which someone had found under the stairs. They were waiting for the Senate's Special Committee on Atomic Energy to finish crossing the t's and dotting the i's on one of the most sweeping laws in U.S. history. That afternoon, after more than five months of debate, the committee produced its bill, creating a commission of five gods of the atomic mountain.

One last hot wrangle had been over who the gods should be—civilian or military. That debate dissolved when the...

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