One evening this week, the chiefs of the South American missions in Washington stamped the snow from their feet and filed into Blair House, on Pennsylvania Avenue. Only one nation was absent —Argentina. A few minutes later that absent neighbor stood accused of virtually every crime in the book against democracy.

The stern indictment was a 13O-page booklet written in language no nation ordinarily uses unless it is prepared to go to war. The booklets were presented to the South American diplomats by the State Department's urbane Dean Acheson and burly Spruille Braden, onetime ambassador in Buenos Aires and outspoken enemy...

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