BUREAUCRACY: Byrd's Biggest

Virginia's Senator Harry F. Byrd, long the self-appointed primer of civil service's lush vine, suited his shears to the times. Noting that the vine had waxed during wartime until it bore 3,649,000 employes, he decided that it was too late for mere snipping. His proposal to the Senate: chop off all but 1,000,000 at a single slice, and send them back home.

For once economy-minded Harry Byrd's shears might prove effective—though not nearly so drastically as he hoped. A study in the Labor Department's Monthly Labor Review last February conceded that war's end would be followed by "a brief period in...

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