Education: Back to School

Few Philippine school buildings survived the years of war (and the best of those that were left had been taken over for hospitals and by the Army). Some classrooms had neither desks nor chairs. Few pencils, little paper and no chalk was to be had. The books that remained were encrusted with the pastemarks of Japanese censors. This was the Filipino education picture last week, as tens of thousands of children went back to school for the first time since the Jap occupation.

What the war had done to 40 years of patient educational progress was plain to see in battered Manila....

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