Medicine: Physiology of Fear

World War II's fighting men have told frankly how it feels to be afraid (TIME, Dec. 25). Last week, in a report to the Navy's Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Lieut. Ralph E. Kirsch described not only how it feels but how fear in battle translates itself into bodily reactions.

Lieut. Kirsch, a 29-year-old Navy flight surgeon, pursued his researches in the course of 21 combat flights over Jap-held islands in the Pacific. All were unusually dangerous missions on which, besides dropping bombs, the planes were required to hold a straight, level course to...

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