Field Marshal Albert Kesselringwho was certainly in a position to knowgave his officers an estimate of the Allied offensive in Italy. In the scramble for retreat a copy was captured by the Fifth Army.
Wrote the German commander in chief:
¶ The Allied offensive was "launched and conducted with absolute coordination. .. . The enemy was prepared and equipped for this attack in the smallest detail."
¶ The initial artillery barrage was "of unprecedented intensity."
¶ The Allies often penetrated "mountainous terrain which previously had been considered impassable."
¶ Air observation aided artillery to the point where "the enemy was...