World Battlefronts: BATTLE OF ITALY: Kudos from Kesselring

Field Marshal Albert Kesselring—who was certainly in a position to know—gave his officers an estimate of the Allied offensive in Italy. In the scramble for retreat a copy was captured by the Fifth Army.

Wrote the German commander in chief:

¶ The Allied offensive was "launched and conducted with absolute coordination. .. . The enemy was prepared and equipped for this attack in the smallest detail."

¶ The initial artillery barrage was "of unprecedented intensity."

¶ The Allies often penetrated "mountainous terrain which previously had been considered impassable."

¶ Air observation aided artillery to the point where "the enemy was...

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