The debate over shrines v. military objectives went on.
Pope Pius XII, speaking from the balcony of St. Peter's, appealed to "the clear sightedness and wisdom of responsible men on both sides [to spare] Rome, this noble city which belongs to all times and all places." Destruction of Rome, he said, would be an "act as inglorious militarily as it is abominable in the eyes of God and humanity."
Florida's strongly pro-Ally Catholic Bishop, Joseph P. Hurley, put the issue to the U.S. in terms of America's moral standing before the world. He said:
"At Rome, our Nazi enemies have set the most dangerous...