Art: Expressionism's Father

An historic figure in modern art, little known in the U.S., died last week in Oslo, in his native Norway. Eighty-one-year-old Edvard Munch (pronounced Moohnk) was the founder of the Expressionist school of painting. He was also a legendary eccentric.

Munch was a highly neurotic, misogynous, inward-turning artist who led the revolt of the '90s against the formal, detached, analytical approach of the French Impressionists. Munch and his followers, trying for the highest degree of personal, emotional expression, deliberately set out to step up the passionate style of Vincent van Gogh. Munch's...

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