Russia. A stiffened Wehrmacht, bogged roads, overextended lines slowed the Red advance, halted it in some places. The Germans counterattacked, retook the rail center of Zhitomir, at the least gained time to strengthen a rear defense line.
Pacific. The Navy threw its biggest offensive force of the war into attacks on Makin, Tarawa and Abemama atolls in the Central Pacific.
Air. The R.A.F. and the U.S. Eighth Air Force attacked carefully chosen industrial targets (chemicals, etc.); the British gave Berlin its heaviest bombing.
Italy. A few hills fell, many more lay ahead on the cold, wet way to Rome.
Balkans. The Germans retook...