Science: Axis Cracker

A new and partly secret weapon of war looms ominous and ugly against a smoky New Jersey sky, its monstrous steel guts exposed in a 20-story skyscraper without walls. Its immediate purpose: to speed the production of 100-octane aviation gasoline. Its probable destiny: the overthrow of new oil-refining methods that are already growing old (see p. 87). Its proud master: Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey.

Standard's new catalytic cracking plant was dedicated last week with bunting, a band and speeches in Standard's vast and drafty old boiler shop at Bayway, N.J. Even as...

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