U.S. At War: Motherhood Boom

Mother's Day, first nationally proclaimed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1914 at the behest of an eccentric Philadelphia spinster, Anna Jarvis, and since proclaimed by successive U.S. presidents (who without exception have loved their mothers) has long since become Big Business for florists, greeting-card makers, candy makers, telegraph companies.

But Mother's Day 1942 had two great differences from its predecessor of peacetime:

> There were more mothers than ever before in U.S. history —and fewer of them looked like Whistler's. For more than a century the U.S. birthrate has been dropping. The...

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