FREEDOM'S BATTLE-J. Alvarez del Vayo-Knopf ($3).
The Spanish Civil War, of which Senor del Vayo relates the essential history, was not merely a struggle of Democracy against Fascism, which it was often and correctly -but too simply-represented to be. It was the first campaign of World War II.
This fact was fully appreciated as early as 1936 by the British military historian, Liddell Hart. Senor del Vayo, who was Foreign Minister of the Spanish Republic, fought the campaign where it was really lost: in London, in Paris, and at Geneva.
At stake in the Spanish...