The hot afternoon sun of June 10 was almost down the heavens of western Eu rope when Dictator Benito Mussolini stepped out on his balcony in the Palazzo Venezia at Rome to announce that now, the Allies' darkest hour in nine months of fighting against Germany, was Italy's hour to take active part on Germany's side.

Now that Italy's risk was the least it had ever been, Italy would fight "to safe guard her honor, interests and the future".

... A great people is truly such if it con siders its obligation sacred...

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