The Press: Death of a Zeitung

One day in August 1703, "by the most gracious privilege of His Imperial Roman Majesty," a Viennese printer, one Johann Baptist Schönwetter (John Baptist Lovelyweather), started a court paper called Diarium. Vienna was capital of the Holy Roman Empire; Leopold I was Emperor. Said Printer Schönwetter of his paper: "It contains everything notable which occurs from day to day in this town of Vienna, as well as in other places all over the world."

The Empress Maria Theresa died in 1780, and Diarium became the Wiener Zeitung. (In England, five years later, the first issue of London's Times appeared.) So great was...

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