Art: Refugee Sculptor

Before magazine-cover girls became Nazi Germany's art ideal, one of the most widely heiled of German sculptors was a bushy-headed, Hitler-mustached Jew named Benno Elkan. For his portrait busts, a who's who of pre-Hitler Germany, he was paid as much as $5,000 a commission. A master of monumental stonecutting, who could make his granite flow like molten lava, glow like human flesh, Elkan was picked by the Government to carve its biggest monuments to Germany's World War I dead. Art-loving Germans trooped for miles to view the massive, grief-weighted, maternal figures he set...

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