Six days after the death in 1922 of his father—Karl I, last of the ruling Habsburgs—little Franz Josef Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Maximilian Heinrich Sixtus Xavier Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetano Pius Ignaz, known to the world by his third name, lay ill of a fever in the tiny, damp-walled, smoky house of exile in Madeira to which the family had been banished. He called for his "Treasure Box"—a stationery case in which he kept pictures of his family, pressed Hungarian flowers, a lump of his native soil, a silver coin his father...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on TIME.com

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!