Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was in such an optimistic mood one day last week that he called in the political correspondents of a large part of the British press, swore them to secrecy, then gave them an extended lecture on how bright were the prospects for peace. Next day papers all over the United Kingdom told how "political circles" in London thought Italian demands against France could easily be satisfied; that an international trade revival was on its way; that in many little ways official Nazi Germany had been acting quite decently to Britain; that even a general...

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