GERMANY: Hindenburg + Iron Cross + Stresemann

Most German cabinets since the Reich became a Republic have been "minority governments," squeaking along with unstable majorities in the Reichstag, seldom strong enough to be resolute except while the country was facing some long-drawn-out crisis in which party differences could be sunk and enemies could unite.

On such a crisis the cabinet of that ineffectual Socialist, Pudgy Herman Müller lived for 21 months until last week. The saving crisis was the Young Plan of reparations. When it passed the Reichstag, when the crisis was over (TIME, March 24), the cabinet became...