The Royal Government of Hungary will withdraw from the League of Nations, next September, if the League Council persists in refusing to adjudicate the 6-year-old Transylvanian land dispute (TIME, Dec. 19) between Hungary and Rumania.

Such was the substance of a threatening press communique issued, last week, by the Hungarian Dictator, stern, cold, relentless Count Stephen Bethlen de Bethlen.

The matter is of paramount world importance because the Rumano-Hungarian dispute is outstanding among those problems which the League of Nations puts off, year after year, because it has not the power to enforce its decisions. Impartial opinion is preponderately to the...