Science: Morbid Missionaries

For three years, Psychiatrist James Lincoln McCartney watched, studied, ministered to the missionary mind. He recognized the presence of a curious mental instability among transplanted Westerners. In the clinics of St. Luke's Hospital, Shanghai, he saw many a case written down as "neurasthenic," "insane," "neurotic." In the Peking Union Medical College, he heard fellow psychiatrists place the blame on food, climate, economic readjustments. But enthusiastic, 30-year-old Dr. McCartney sought a subtler, more basic cause.

Last week, he told his theory to the National Committee for Mental Hygiene. He went back to the beginnings of the missionary urge, theorized:

"Most of these workers are...

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