Religion: One Red Hat

In the Vatican last week were holy stirrings. Pope Pius XI was to address the Cardinals and add to their number, which Death had depleted from 70 (full strength) to 58. A secret consistory was held. Silver trumpets sounded. The great Sistine choir chanted. There were parades and regalias.

But Pius XI created only one new Cardinal, postponed other elevations until December, made only brief remarks. "Certain events have taken place with which we shall deal later on in the year," he said, evidently referring to friction between the Papal State and Fascist Italy since the signing of their Concordat (TIME, Feb....

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