On the train from Rome to Milan sallow, soft-voiced Communist Leader Fausto Gullo could only get an upper berth. A young fellow traveler respectfully offered his lower berth to the former Minister of Justice. But Gullo said: "It's my fault for not having booked early enough. I was late. I'm grateful, but really, one should pay for being late."

This eager mea culpa mood pervaded the entire congress which last week in Milan assembled almost 3,000 Communist delegates from eleven nations. Technically, it was the Sixth National Congress of the Italian Communist Party, but influential guests came from Russia,...

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