President Truman had made up his mind. He was helped to it by the attitude of many Congressmen who, having visited ravaged Europe, now saw the necessity of immediate action. One morning last week, the President met his Cabinet. He told them that there had to be a special session of Congress, that he had decided to call it for Nov. 17.* France and Italy could not wait until January for U.S. aid.

That afternoon, he gave congressional leaders the news. He did not ask how they felt about it. "He told us," Speaker Joe Martin said. The following night, Harry...

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