CHINA: Encirclement

Giant China is squeezed in a double Communist encirclement—from without and from within. Inside the country, Chinese Communists push for power. From without, unremitting pressure is applied to the frontier provinces. Last week, this pressure was squeezing hard on a huge, little-known segment of China—mineral-and oil-rich Sinkiang Province.

Crescent Flag. One focus of the trouble lies in the northwest. There, in the Ili valley where the flag of China should fly, a green flag with a yellow crescent moon and a five-pointed star has flown for nearly three years. The region contains about a million people (total Sinkiang population: about...