INDIA: Vicious Circle

In little more than a month of independence, India and Pakistan had slipped back 300 years. In both countries last week, rioting, slaughter, rapine, destruction continued. More than 5,000,000 people had become refugees, uncounted thousands had been slain.

Pakistan cried for outside help. To the rest of the British Commonwealth it addressed a plea for aid in ending violence. To the U.N. it proposed that six observers be sent to Pakistan and India. Pakistan's appeal made India shriek.

Cried Congress Party President Acharya Kripalani: "The real solution of the whole ill lies with Pakistan itself." In calling itself an Islamic state,...

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