The U.S., implementing the Truman Doctrine, moved decisively. As the Communists, backed by their brethren from Moscow, took over Hungary's Government (see INTERNATIONAL), Secretary of State George Marshall promptly suspended the unused half of a whopping $30 million credit to Hungary. Then he gave cheer and congratulation to Italy's Premier Alcide de Gasperi, who had screwed up his courage to form a new government without benefit of Italian Communists.

In Washington, Herbert Hoover said bluntly that since Russia is the chief obstacle to making peace, one way to have peace is to make it without Russia. Specifically, he proposed that...

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