On the flatlands of China's Honan Province, near Chengchow, a tiny rivulet of muddy water oozed into a dried-up channel and meandered sluggishly toward Pohai Gulf, some 400 miles to the northeast. The rivulet, a man-made branch of the Yellow River, was the first fruit of the giant flood-control effort to thrust "China's Sorrow" back into its pre-1938 bed. In Shanghai, UNRRA Engineer Oliver J. Todd, director of the project (TIME, June 17), contemplated news of the trickle with mixed emotions. "Todd Almighty" knew that this was no dream come true; in fact, a nightmare was just beginning.

For his...

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