RELIEF: How Much Hunger?

The display looked like a schoolgirl's botany project. The little green leaves and wispy roots, neatly mounted on 14 neat white sheets, had pretty names—O Cheng Cho"v, Ti Chai Tzi, Sweet Chrysanthemum. But the exhibits of grass and herbs, no trophy of a schoolgirl's outing in the country, were part of an official report from the China office of UNRRA. The pretty names stood for wild leaves and stems and roots that the peasants of Hunan province (where 5,000,000 face death) have lived on for 40 days.

The appalling responsibilities of victory had come to be represented by one word. "Bread,"...

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