For three decades, Jan Christian Smuts has been one of the West's great champions of world order. For much of that period he has also been Prime Minister of South Africa. Increasingly, Smuts, the head of a reactionary state, is becoming an embarrassment to Smuts, the progressive international statesman. Last week, when he arrived at the United Nations Assembly, Smuts's critics were laying for him with fresh ammunition, recently provided by South Africa's worst racial conflict.

He hoped to persuade the United Nations to let him incorporate mandated South-West Africa into his...

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