FRANCE: Constitutional Ailments

When an M.R.P. deputy rose to speak, the Communists shouted "A Rome! A Rome! (Back to Rome!)" When a Communist deputy rose to speak, the M.R.P. shouted "A Moscou! A Moscou! (Back to Moscow!)" Thus France's Assembly discussed the new draft constitution for the Fourth Republic.

Through the din of debate, three facts emerged: 1) the M.R.P. had resolved to conciliate the Communists to the limit, in order to preserve M.R.P.-Socialist-Communist coalition government; 2) the crux of the debate was the question of presidential powers; 3) behind the question of presidential powers loomed the presence of General Charles de...

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