Art: Etching Acid

Bombs and artillery blasted his Madrid studio to rubble. His prodigious monument to the leader of Spanish Socialism, Pablo Iglesias (an eleven-panel mural containing 140 life-size figures), was destroyed. But the Fascists could never touch Luis Quintanilla the artist.* His drypoints, safely scattered in museums all over the world, continued to speak with the social force—if not the human weight —of Goya's best.

QuintanilLa turned soldier, conned books of military tactics by flashlight at night, and led Loyalist troops in the daytime. He earned the devotion of the doomed Republic by directing the attack on Madrid's Montana Barracks (which saved the city...

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