Foreign News: The Short March

Yenan's loess cave dwellings were rapidly emptying. For the second time in a decade, China's Communists were shifting their center of political gravity. In 1934-35 they had staged their famed Long March of 8,500 miles from Central China to the remote Northwest; of 100,000 marchers an exhausted 20,000 survived to set up headquarters at Yenan. Now, more powerful than ever, the Communists were heading north and east to Kalgan.

The highly organized trek (rest places every 15 miles) stretched across some 500 miles of plains, mountains and badlands. Travel time was 30 to...

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