Science: Nobel Prizewinners

When the war began, most of the world's scientists started working—and still work —in secrecy. Last week the Swedish Royal Academy of Science, after due thought, gave three Nobel prizes to men who had made their scientific marks before the blackout:

¶ Chemistry prize for 1945 went to Professor Ilmari Artturi Virtanen, 50, of Finland, who is almost unknown outside Scandinavia. His specialty: agricultural biochemistry. Scandinavian dairymen are grateful to him for a method of preserving green cattle fodder with minimum loss of food value.

¶ Physics prizewinner for 1945 was Vienna-born Professor Wolfgang Pauli, 45, who had worked since 1940...

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