Pearl Harbor Report: Who Was to Blame?

For almost a year the official Army & Navy reports on Pearl Harbor had lain under cover, marked "Secret." Last week, the excuse was good no longer: President Truman made them public.

In a week of formal triumph over Japan, few citizens had the inclination to read the story of the first U.S. defeat, three years and nine months ago. The very bulk of the documents (130,000 words) was forbidding. The New York Times printed it all and sat down. Congressmen, before they had read it through, shouted that it was a "whitewash" or...

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