Argentina's military Government last week treated the nation to a reign of terror unparalleled since the days of the 19th Century tyrant, Juan Manuel de Rosas. Vice President Juan Domingo Perón is reported to have told President Farrell: "We can govern either with freedom or through fear. We shall govern through fear." Now, few Argentines doubted that Colonel Perón meant to keep his word.

Slapped into Buenos Aires' Villa Devoto prison, into typhoid-scourged Martin Garcia concentration camp, and into bleak Neuquén prison in the Andean foothills were hundreds of conservatives, socialists, Communists, nationalists and many Argentines with...

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