A first-class international rumpus was in the making last week. The drama had an all-star cast: Franklin Roosevelt, Kentucky's Senator A. B. ("Happy") Chandler, Columnist Drew Pearson, Ambassador William Phillips, and a whole galaxy of silk-hat names cast in minor roles. And the drama had excellent suspense—no one could guess what would happen next.

The story began in May 1943. Ambassador Phillips, just back in Washington from a 4-month mission to India as Franklin Roosevelt's personal representative, sent a letter to the President. He wrote:

"Indians feel they have no voice in the Government and therefore no responsibility in the conduct of...

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