The August Battle

A corporal's guard of Congressmen straggled back to Washington's steaming midsummer heat. But there was no indication that they would soon agree on a plan to reconvert the U.S. to peace. At week's end, two Senate reconversion bills —significantly differing—had been rushed out of committee rooms and were ready for action on the floor.

For Congress disagreed most violently on the two questions the U.S. people wanted cleared up first: How much unemployment pay should a war worker expect when cutbacks and contract cancellations leave him jobless? Who should pay him—the states or the Federal Government?

The battle began when the Senate...

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