Medicine: War-Horse Hospital

One of the war's strangest base hospitals is run by the Fifth Army just behind the lines in Italy. The patients: horses and mules. The doctors: six veterinarians. Nursing is done by 100 enlisted Italians.

In Italy's rugged mountains, mules and horses can go where a jeep can not go. So these animals, worth a few hundred dollars each in the U.S., are priceless in Italy. Each pack train has its own veterinarian to give first aid. He also decides which wounded animals must be shot, which can be hospitalized. The wounded are...