SPAIN: Inside Out

To Fascist Spain the New York Times sent able, experienced Correspondent Thomas J. Hamilton. For two years Hamilton watched and noted well. Last week his book on Franco's Spain, Appeasement's Child (Knopf; $3), was published.

Heroics and Death. Hamilton reported that in three years of civil war, at least 1,000,000 Spaniards lost their lives (more than the British Empire's total losses in World War I). More than 300,000 Loyalists escaped, and 500,000 more rot in Franco's jails. For these sacrifices, Franco gave Spain:

> A relentless campaign of revenge against all former Republicans and their relatives.

> Inefficient transportation, idle factories,...

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