With his new defeats in Russia and the loss of all Africa except Tunisia, Hitler may indeed go on the defensive as he promised his people last fall. And if he does so, the defensive may make him harder rather than easier to beat. He is turning his Festung Europa into a giant hedgehog with many outlying strong points.

On the south, where the Germans expect a thrust across the Mediterranean, they are building their main line of southern fortifications well back of the initial invasion area, preparing in the last resort to sacrifice Italy, Greece and southwestern Yugoslavia. The southern line,...

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