U.S. At War: Dr. Townsend's Evil Days

To Long Beach, Calif., where he founded his famed pension movement nine years ago, Dr. Francis E. Townsend returned last week to rally his followers—and at the fountainhead to try to refresh his own optimism. For Townsendism, thanks to the thousands of jobs that war has opened to oldsters, had fallen on discouraging times.

All around him, in a California which once had been a fertile breeding ground for panaceas like his, Dr. Townsend could see what was wrong. In Long Beach and San Diego, up to 40% of Townsend Club members had gone back...

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